Lucas Cranach the Elder (workshop of) - inv. 1036

Titolo: 
Portrait of Martin Luther
Numero di Inventario: 
1036
Tipologia: 
paintings
Collezione: 

Painting

Classe iconografica: 
Portrait
Parole chiave soggetto: 
Martin Luther
portrait of a man
Motivo attribuzione: 
bibliography
Autore, ambito, luogo di produzione: 
Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder
Ambito e luogo di produzione: 
Germany
Pubblicazione: 
Si
Periodo: 
1525
Datazione specifica: 
1529 c.
Libri correlati: 
Materia e Tecnica: 
oil on wood
Opere correlate: 
Data di Ingresso: 
1894
Tipo di acquisizione: 
acquisition
Tipo di collocazione: 
on display
Collocazione: 
Foreign Artist Room

This work is linked to Portrait of Katharina von Bora (inv. 1035).

The diptych with the portraits of Martin Luther and his wife Katharina von Bora is in a good state of conservation; a layer of paint laid on the back indicates that it could be closed and transported, almost as though it were a portable altar.

The great German religious reformer, father of Protestantism, is depicted half-bust against a blue background. He is wearing a black cap that lets slip locks of curly hair. The black mass of his clothes concentrates attention on his face, with its thin lips, prominent nose, and lines marking the eyes. He has a lively, almost ironical gaze, unlike his wife who appears distant and austere. Katharina is wearing a black-edged white shirt, a laced bodice and an overdress with a fur collar. The artist has caught every detail, from her hairnet to the fur, so realistic as to seem real.
The precision of the drawing is typical of German Renaissance art. Cranach, in particular, was an esteemed engraver and his drawing ability is clearly visible also in his painting. Using brushes with fine points, he outlined the smallest detail, as can also be seen in the Diptych with the Virgin, the Child and Saint John the Baptist also in the Poldi Pezzoli Museum.

The date 1529 is visible to the left of the reformer, together with a winged dragon, which the artist, followed by his sons Hans and Lucas the Younger (both painters), used as his symbol. The portraits are accompanied by two quotations from the bible: on Luther’s, “In quietness and in confidence shall be your strength” from Isaiah (30:15); on his wife’s, “She shall be saved in childbearing” from the first Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy (2:15).
Cranach adhered to the Protestant reforms and his image of Luther was spread far and wide through numerous copies – among which this painting – produced in series by his extremely active workshop.

F. A.
H.G.

Masterpiece: 
true